Drug Overdose Deaths in Maine


Purpose and Methodology:

This website provides a summary of statistics regarding drug fatalities in Maine. Data for this website were collected at the Office of Chief Medical Examiner. A drug death is identified when one or more drugs are mentioned on the death certificate as a cause or significant contributing factor for the death. These data do not include deaths caused by alcohol only. 

*Note: this website is under construction and will shortly feature an interactive Tableau data dashboard.


Drug Overdose Deaths Occurring in Maine by Year Including Totals for Deaths Caused by Pharmaceutical and Non-Pharmaceutical (Illicit) Drugs

 
Year Total Pharmaceutical Illicit
1997 34 30 8
1998 54 47 18
1999 66 60 13
2000 60 51 15
2001 90 74 31
2002 165 149 35
2003 153 129 47
2004 162 141 50
2005 176 139 61
2006 167 134 59
2007 154 136 49
2008 164 155 30
2009 179 163 22
2010 167 160 19
2011 155 142 19
2012 163 140 40
2013 176 147 46
2014 208 173 91
2015 272 183 166
2016 376 231 259
2017 417 253 305
2018 354 198 257
2019 380 246 268
2020 Q1 127 84 94
Number of drug-induced deaths in Maine, with subtotals for deaths caused by any pharmaceutical drugs and for deaths caused by any illicit (non-pharmaceutical) drugs. Most deaths are caused by more than one drug. Pharmaceutical and illicit drugs may be combined to cause death. 


Analysis & Patterns:

Analyzing the data, two trends emerge: the increased impact of fentanyl and fentanyl analogs on drug deaths in Maine and the the decline of pharmaceutical opioids impacting drug deaths in Maine.

Deaths due to Heroin/Morphine and Non-Pharmaceutical Fentanyl and/or its Analogs, 2010 – 2020

Year Total Heroin/Morphine Non-Pharm Fentanyl
2010 167 8 0
2011 155 7 0
2012 163 28 0
2013 176 40 1
2014 208 57 32
2015 272 107 87
2016 376 120 194
2017 417 88 247
2018 354 74 217
2019 380 73 259
2020 Q1 127 18 77
 

Chart showing increase in overdoses due to fentanyl over time

Total drug deaths with subtotals for the number of deaths due to heroin/morphine and non-pharmaceutical fentanyl and/or its analogs. Although separate totals are provided for heroin/morphine and fentanyl/fentanyl analog fatalities, many deaths include both drug categories. 

Total Deaths due to Pharmaceutical Opioids 2010- 2020

Year Total Pharmaceutical
2010 167 123
2011 155 108
2012 163 103
2013 176 107
2014 208 111
2015 272 112
2016 376 123
2017 417 124
2018 354 78
2019 380 96
2020 Q1 127 34

Graph showing a decrease in the percentage of pharmaceutical opioid drug deaths over time

Comparison of the number of deaths due to pharmaceutical versus total opioids, alone or in combination with other drugs and/or alcohol.